This large tree with mostly smooth bark is near the edge of the open area in the southwest corner of Magnolia Lawn. The path from the Bridge to the Commons passes near it.
have somewhat uneven leaf bases, a characteristic they share with other members of the elm family. Unlike elms, they have single teeth or no teeth at all. As their name suggests, hackberry fruits
are fleshy berries, in contrast to the dry, winged seeds of elms
. Perhaps the most noticeable characteristic of hackberries is their bark
. Overall, they tend to have smooth bark, similar to beech bark
. However, hackberry bark
nearly always few to many corky lumps scattered throughout the smooth bark, which is rarely the case with beech.
Two species of hackberry are commonly found in Tennessee: southern hackberry or sugarberry (
), and northern hackberry (
). In this area of range overlap the two species hybridize, so it is often not possible to unambiguously assign an individual tree to a particular species. This individual has characteristics most typical of southern hackberry
: relatively narrow leaves
with few or no teeth (vs. the rounder, more toothed leaves of northern hackberry
) and fruits
that are more orange-red (vs. the dark red to black fruits of northern hackberry). An individual with northern hackberry traits
can be seen along 21st Ave. S.
Hackberry trees are common in this area with Celtis laevigata
types the most common.