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An individual instance of Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
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Cornus florida L., flowering dogwood, is a small, bushy tree which rarely attains a height of more than 40 feet or a diameter of 12 to 18 inches.  The leaves are opposite one another and from 3 to 6 inches long.  The deeply ridged and broken bark resembles alligator hide.  Flowering dogwood has large, showy, deeply notched bracts, 4 of which surround each cluster of inconspicuous perfect flowers, in bloom from May to June.  The fruit clusters on this shrub-like tree are scarlet red.


Wildlife: The fruit is choice fall and winter food of the gray squirrel and fox squirrel, bobwhite, cedar waxwing, cardinal, flicker, mockingbird, robin, wild turkey, and woodpecker.  The leaves and twigs are choice food for the white-tailed deer.  It is not an important nesting plant.

Ornamental: It is an important ornamental tree used around homes and office buildings because of its striking display when it is in full bloom.

Adaptation and Distribution

Flowering dogwood is adapted to most upland sites but grows best on rich, well-drained soils on middle and lower slopes.  It develops best as an understory species in association with other hardwoods. Flowering dogwood is distributed throughout the eastern United States. 


USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program (2002).  Plant fact sheet for flowering dogwood (cornus florida L.). Retrieved from



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This particular organism is believed to have managed means of establishment.

This organismal entity has the scope: multicellular organism.


Cornus florida


sec. Tennessee Flora 2014

common name: flowering dogwood
family: Cornaceae
Identified 2016-03-13 by Patrick Phoebus


Ezell Hall, 1727, Blue Raider Drive, Rutherford County, Tennessee, US
Click on these geocoordinates to load a map showing the location: 35.8458°, -86.3613°
Coordinate uncertainty about: 10 m.
Altitude: 188 m.

Location calculated as average of its images' coordinates.

Occurrences were recorded for this particular organism on the following dates:

The following images document this particular organism.
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whole tree (or vine) - general
whole tree (or vine) - general
whole tree (or vine) - winter
whole tree (or vine) - winter
whole tree (or vine) - winter
bark - unspecified
twig - winter overall
leaf - showing orientation on twig
inflorescence - whole - unspecified
inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Tennessee Flora 2014 =

Tennessee Flora Committee, 2014. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee (editors: E. W. Chester, B. E. Wofford, J. Shaw, D. Estes, and D. H. Webb). The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN, US.

Metadata last modified: 2019-10-16T22:24:42.018-05:00
RDF formatted metadata for this organism